Article 5314

Title of the article

DRUNKENNESS IN PENZA REGION’S CITIES DURING THE CIVIL WAR

Authors

Gnusarev Il'ya Sergeevich, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), gnusarev@inbox.ru

Index UDK

944 (47)084.3

Abstract

Background. The study of such social phenomena as drunkenness among the urban population, is an important condition of complete analysis of one of the most important spheres of everyday life in the cities – the deviant behavior. This allows to see the regional specifics of everyday life during the civil war. The purpose of the article is to analyze the level of alcohol consumption, alcoholism growth causes and methods of curbing it.
Materials and methods. Implementation of the research tasks was achieved through the use of the documents derived from the State Archives of the Penza region. A special place is occupied by the newspapers, which provide a broad source base for exploring this problem.
Results. The author examined the degree of scrutiny of the problem and researched the causes of alcoholism, channels of spirits’ distribution. The article describes the methods of curbing drunkenness and the reasons for their ineffectiveness. The researcher also investigated the effects of high levels of consumption of alcoholic beverages, such as rising crime and moonshining.
Conclusions. Study of this problem reveals that drunkenness remained a serious problem for the government and the selected control methods were not effective during the civil war and the policy of «war communism».

Key words

drunkenness, deviant behavior, civil war, alcohol, moonshine.

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References

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Дата создания: 31.01.2015 13:19
Дата обновления: 04.02.2015 08:51